Your Guide to Routers

Advances in network technology have enabled a new generation of connectivity, commerce, and workflow optimization. These solutions are supported by an ecosystem of networking devices, the core of which is the router. Originally invented as a DARPA prototype to support local networks, the router has become an integral part of networking at every level, from corporations to the consumer. In order to gain a better understanding of global communications and networking, it is beneficial to be familiar with how routers work and what variants exist in the commercial domain. In this blog, we will discuss everything you need to know about routing devices and how they are classified.

Routers are devices that transfer units of data that have been formatted into a package across networks. If one were to think of data packets as cars, then routers are analogous to a highway. Their operation consists of forwarding the packets between routers on a computer network, the most common of which are internet protocol (IP) packets. In fact, it is this step in the routing process that allows for the internet to function as we understand it. When classifying routers, the most significant qualifier is if the device is wired or wireless.

Wired routers rely upon a physical connection between computers and other devices to send data packets. Although wired routers have been in the process of phasing out, some businesses and home networks still rely upon them. These routers often connect to a modem on the receiving end and a computer port on the delivery end. Although wired routers allow several computers to share the same IP address and provide some enhanced security options, their installation difficulty and lack of compatibility have largely made them a thing of the past. Although wireless routers still depend upon a wire for packet receipt, they are capable of converting packets to radio waves, which can be sent and received without a physical connection.

Another critical distinction between routers is the device's location in a network. In this regard, routers may be labeled "core" or "edge." Core routers support more significant data transfer across a singular network. Based on its routing protocols, core devices are capable of sending packets at their maximum potential speed. On the other hand, edge routers serve the function of packet distribution across various networks. These devices may be either wired or wireless and usually fall under the domain of an internet service provider.

One of the latest technologies to come into the spotlight is VPN routers. These routers are capable of creating a private network within a public network to allow for the distribution of packets securely between devices. With the rise of many companies offering work-from-home solutions, VPN routers have become an essential asset in facilitating such configurations. As an added layer of security, the packets sent through VPNs are commonly encrypted, meaning that even if an attacker were able to access the data, they would still be unable to see its raw form. When you are in need of high-quality routing devices of any kind, look no further than Cogent Sourcing.

Owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we give customers direct access to our inventory containing over 2 billion new, obsolete, and hard-to-find components. As part of our steadfast dedication to quality, thoroughly vet the majority of our inventory, looking for any potential issues before shipping. Such inspections, coupled with our strict NO-CHINA sourcing policy, allow us to operate with AS9120B, ISO 9001:2015, and FAA AC 00-56B accreditation. If you are facing a shortened time requirement and need your items quickly, you can depend upon our 24/7 AOG support and standard rapid shipping at all times.


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