Fasteners are common assembly parts that may be used to mechanically join two or more components together. With a variety of fastener types available, a number of attachments can be made to accommodate varying assemblies and requirements. Within the realm of aviation in particular, fasteners are constructed with high quality and optimal strength attributes to assist in aircraft construction and repair. On a single Boeing 747-800 alone, half of the 6,000,000 parts used for assembly are fasteners. With the grand importance that such hardware serves for aviation applications, understanding the more common types and materials used can benefit those who work on or with aircraft.


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           Within the engine of an aircraft, fuel and air mixtures are regularly combusted to create thrust for the means of propulsion generation and driving systems. As a rotary screw or reciprocating air compressor conducts its operations, water vapor is an unwanted byproduct that is produced as a result. As vapor condenses into liquid and begins collecting within the tank, damage to the compressor can result and possibly lead to high amounts of maintenance or replacement. Due to the hazards presented by liquids, manufacturers specifically design such assemblies with a component known as a drain valve which ensures the removal of collected water vapor.


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While welding has already been a primary method of assembling aircraft structures for many years, the continous introduction and improvement of various methods has greatly increased the quality and efficiency of assemblies to benefit modern aircraft. By utilizing arc welding, fiber laser welding, linear friction welding, and more, manufacturers can create robust attachments that can withstand the many forces and loads faced during flight. In this blog, we will discuss some of the primary types of welding used for aircraft, allowing you to best understand how certain assemblies are formed.


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As humans, we are highly dependent upon oxygen in order to carry out our normal functions and maintain consciousness. As one increases their position in altitude, the amount of air pressure decreases as well which results in less amounts of oxygen that one can absorb while breathing. At the heights at which aircraft typically operate at, humans would not be able to maintain consciousness long due to a lack of oxygen. Despite this, most passengers are never faced with much discomfort during a typical flight. This is due to the use of oxygen systems within pressurized and non-pressurized aircraft, those of which maintain a comfortable environment by supplying breathable air.


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         Since the first Wright brother’s aircraft and the advent of modern aviation, engineers have worked tirelessly to improve the efficiency and safety of flight. From robust engines to complex electrical systems, many new capabilities have become standard for the benefit of pilots. While many may be knowledgeable about such major technologies that have come about over the years, others often overlook the smaller bodily components that have improved over time for increased efficiency. In this blog, we will discuss the vertical and horizontal stabilizer, allowing you to better be aware of their various included components and functionalities.


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         When operating with electronics or setting up an ,electrical circuit it is paramount that there are protective measures put in place in order to ensure the well-being of sensitive electronics and the safety of those around them. Circuit breakers are one of the most essential safety mechanisms for buildings and their electrical circuits, ensuring that excessive current is restricted to prevent fires, equipment failures, and shock. In this blog, we will discuss what circuit breakers are, how they protect electrical systems, and a few of the common types that are available on the market.


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While there are many different types of aircraft, used in many different applications, all generally have the same basic components. These are the fuselage, wings, empennage, landing gear, and powerplant. Each of these parts has a critical role in the operation of an aircraft as a whole. This blog will explain each component, its unique characteristics, and how it operates.


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In the event that you've flown on a plane or even gazed toward one in the dark sky, you've most likely seen that the plane is outfitted with various brilliant lights. In case you're the more contemplative type, you may have even noticed that planes streak various arrangements of lights during landing and departure. So what is the purpose behind these airplane lights andtheir meaning? Read on below to see the reasons why these outside airplane lights were set up, the types of aircraft lights available and how they help with flight activities.


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In the modern day of aviation, a multitude of aircraft are reliant on turbine engines for achieving heavier than air flight. Through the compression and combustion of fuel and air mixtures, high amounts of thrust can be produced even at high altitudes where oxygen levels are lower than that of sea level. This ability to produce high levels of thrust and propulsion by turbine engines is due in part to their compressors, which require precise and advanced engineering to optimally operate.


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Aircraft instruments are devices that provide a great amount of flight pertinent information for the pilot to safely fly. While many instruments may convey information such as spent fuel and current altitude, there are also many instruments that are used for measuring and indicating the mechanical movement of components, instruments, or the aircraft as a whole. These instruments may vary in what components that they measure, and this information can be very useful for a pilot during flight operations. In this blog, we will discuss some of the main aircraft mechanical movement indication instruments, such as tachometers, the synchroscope, accelerometers, and stall warning and angle of attack (AOA) indicators.


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As technology and aircraft continue to advance, analog modems and mechanical components are rapidly being replaced with state of the art electronic hardware. As an increasing number of aircraft parts now rely on electricity, having an efficient and operational electric powering system is a critical need. While these systems can be fairly complex, being aware of some of the basic components can go a long way in understanding the functionality and operations of various systems. In this blog, we will discuss some of the base electrical system components within an aircraft, including switches, solenoids, relays, fuses, and circuit breakers.


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Starters for gas turbine aircraft systems are most often either direct cranking electrical systems or starter generator systems. These two types are most commonly used for gas powered engines and utilize magnets or direct current electric motors to start the aircraft engine. Understanding the differences between the two types and how they function can help you decide which the best system for your aircraft is.


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When utilizing an engine, there always has to be some system in place that can light the fuel. Over the last hundred or so years, magneto systems have served as a reliable method of igniting fuel for small aircraft and/or those with piston engines. Magnetos have many wide applications such as serving lawnmowers, chainsaws, and even certain vehicles. Magnetos are an electrical generator that has the ability to create a pulse of high voltage for spark plugs to produce ignition. In this blog, we will discuss how magnetos work in regards to aircraft.


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Although complex autopilot is a somewhat new and developing technology within the automotive industry, it may be surprising to some that this technology has existed in the realm of aviation for over 100 years. Although it has also taken much time to develop and continues to do so, the aircraft autopilot control system is a highly accurate and complex system and serves to ensure that flights are smooth, efficient, and safe. When flying, pilots have many jobs that they have to juggle from navigation, communication, responding to changes in weather, and even rerouting when unexpected conditions present themselves. With a smart computerized system like autopilot, pilots can have extra help to focus on what is most important in that moment.


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An aircraft’s wings are some of the most important design considerations, with their shape and size affecting virtually every aspect of the aircraft’s performance. The wing configuration describes the arrangement and design of an aircraft’s lifting and lift-related surfaces. There are numerous terms and classifications used to describe configurations, with many different designs experimented with over the years. Most aircraft, however, come in one of several different common configurations.


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There are thousands of parts that go into assembling a helicopter. There is the stabilizer bar which is used to help stabilize the rotary blades. There is also the tail fin which helps the pilot to steer the aircraft, as well as the landing skids which enables the aircraft to make a safe landing, and so on. While each part plays an important function, this outline will exclusively cover the parts of the helicopter which impact the most crucial flying aspect of the vessel.


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A helicopter shares some similarities with an airplane in that it follows the same principles of flight in order to take up off the ground. But the manner in which the helicopter achieves and implements this is vastly different. This aircraft is able to maneuver quickly back and forth because of the way that the helicopter interior parts implement the principles of flight. Below are a few descriptions of helicopters parts and the functions that they serve.


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In an electrical system, a switch is used to interrupt or direct the flow of current. All electrical appliances operate through switches, which are used to turn devices on and off. With so many switches available for so many different purposes, it is important to understand their distinctions and unique aspects. In this blog, we will break down the various types of electrical switches commonly used in household and office applications, as well as accessories that frequently accompany them.


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The definition of a fixed-wing aircraft is an airplane or aeroplane that is capable of flight using wings and lift force caused by aircraft speed and wing shape. The concept comes from a kite, where the wings allow it to glide through the air.


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Adhering to proper maintenance practices is of utmost importance in the aerospace industry. No aircraft is so tolerant of neglect that it is exempt from deterioration in the absence of inspection and maintenance programs, including the H-60 Black Hawk helicopter. Corrosion, wear and tear, natural fatigue, and chance failures all contribute to the overall functioning and safety of this aircraft. Proper maintenance isn’t only about replacing a damaged part; it is about the repeated proactive actions required for restoring or maintaining your helicopter. Common components that need to be replaced in these aircraft include rotor systems, avionics, fuselage panels, and turbine lines/hoses/connections.


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At one point or another, you may have confused a capacitor for a battery. They are similar in size, shape, and function; however, the applications in which they are used distinguish them from one another. A capacitor is an electronic device that is capable of storing energy in the form of an electric charge. The amount of energy it can store is 10,000 times smaller than that of a battery, but it still contributes to the overall success of circuit designs. Let’s take an in depth look at how capacitors are created, as well as how they function.


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Composite materials are one of the most exciting components to be utilized in aircraft interiors over the last decade. For example, since their incorporation into airframe design, composites have grown to make up 33% of overall materials used in the airframe alone. The aerospace industry is expected to increase the demand for composite materials in various aircraft components by more than 200% in the coming years.


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If you’re new to aerospace and aviation, it can be a little difficult to try and figure out what all the terms mean, the nuanced differences, how they work, etc. A good example of new terms you may have heard is “turbonormalizing”. If you’re familiar with cars, then “turbocharging” might be familiar, but there’s no concept of “turbonormalizing” in the automotive industry.


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Cleanliness is a virtue. But, in aviation, cleanliness is a must. So, it’s important to follow a strict and regular cleaning maintenance cycle. As rotatable parts follow maintenance cycles, cleaning the aircraft should follow the suit. And, the best place to start is your aircraft manufacturer manual.  It’s important to consult your manual because you need to make sure that there won’t be subsequent damage to your aircraft. Certain materials don’t work with certain cleaning solutions and methods, so consulting your manual will prevent you from causing irreparable damage. Your manual will also include a list of recommended cleaning solutions and cleaning schedule.  


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